Shabbat Shalom Magazine

Written by: Karen K. Abrahamson, MA, Ph.D. Cand.

The Promise of Passover: Next Year in Jerusalem

Perhaps it was near the season of Passover when Daniel contemplated Jeremiah’s prophecy of the 70 prophetic weeks (Dan. 9). The 70 years of exile were drawing to a close, and as his thoughts turned toward home, perhaps the words “next year in Jerusalem,” which would eventually become the closing words of the Haggadah, ran through his mind. How far he was from home. And how far he and his people had to come before they could return home. But there was yet reason to hope: Hashem had once delivered Israel from the Egyptians, and, according to the prophet Jeremiah, He promised to rescue them again.

Passover was first celebrated on the night that Israel was freed from Egyptian slavery.

Gathered in their homes, bags packed and shoes laced, families stood eagerly about their tables. At the center of their contemplation was the Pascal lamb. Its blood stained the doorposts of their homes, and its body was roasted whole and unbroken. Unleavened bread, which could quickly be prepared, was also on the table. Everything about that first Passover spoke of haste. Excitement hung in the air as the gathered people eagerly whispered the words, “Next year in the Promised Land. Next year, we will be home.”

But the centuries since that first celebration had come and gone: the people had, at last, reached their destination, had lived and grown, and had, tragically, fallen away from their relationship with Hashem and, finally, been sent into exile. Now they were once again poised on the brink of returning to their homeland. Daniel, as he contemplated Jeremiah’s prophecy, was filled with deep sorrow, for he realized that the longest journey that the people were soon to make was not physical but spiritual.

Physically, it was possible to cleanse the people and their homes of symbols of sin; the dust could be wiped away and the leaven removed from the home. But what caused Daniel to sink to the floor in anguish and sorrow was the lack of spiritual cleanliness in himself and his people. And so he prayed for forgiveness: “O Lord, the great and awesome God, who keeps his covenant of love with all who love him and obey his commands, we have sinned and done wrong. We have been wicked and have rebelled; we have turned away from your commands and laws. We have not listened to your servants, the prophets, who spoke in your name to our kings, our princes, and our fathers, and to all the people of the land. Lord, you are righteous, but this day we are covered with shame—the men of Judah and people of Jerusalem and all Israel, both near and far, in all the countries where you have scattered us because of our unfaithfulness to you” (Dan. 9:4–7).

No sooner had Daniel completed his prayer than the angel Gabriel stood beside him: “Daniel, I have come to give you insight and understanding. As soon as you began to pray, an answer was given, which I have come to tell you, for you are highly esteemed” (vv.  22–23).The angel went on to tell Daniel that times of trouble would come, but the Anointed One would not forget His people. Just as He had passed over them at the first Passover celebration, so He would pass over them again. Just as He had led them to their homeland, so He would lead them home again. Just as He had redeemed and restored them in the past, so He would redeem and restore them again. “Next year in Jerusalem.” The promise of Passover is still as alive today as it was in Daniel’s time. Its twofold requirement for the people of Hashem is also applicable. The need remains to remove not only the symbol of sin but also the sin itself. As we prepare for the Passover season, we must remember to cleanse not only the home but the heart as well.

Image: A Ukrainian 19th-century lubok representing the Seder table. Public Domain

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